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В 1984 Глория Стайнем была арестована у посольства ЮАР в Вашингтоне за протест против апартеида.

В том же году Рональд Рейган провозгласил, что миссия американской внешней политики - продвижение демократии по всему миру. Необычным в его обращении было то, что с призывом к миру он обратился не к советскому правительству, а напрямую к советскому народу.

Tonight, I want to speak to the people of the Soviet Union, to tell them it's true that our governments have had serious differences, but our sons and daughters have never fought each other in war. And if we Americans have our way, they never will.

People of the Soviet Union, there is only one sane policy, for your country and mine, to preserve our civilization in this modern age: A nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought. The only value in our two nations possessing nuclear weapons is to make sure they will never be used. But then would it not be better to do away with them entirely?

People of the Soviet Union, President Dwight Eisenhower, who fought by your side in World War II, said the essential struggle "is not merely man against man or nation against nation. It is man against war." Americans are people of peace. If your government wants peace, there will be peace. We can come together in faith and friendship to build a safer and far better world for our children and our children's children. And the whole world will rejoice. That is my message to you.


До советского народа обращение Рейгана не особенно дошло, но уже через два года Горбачев сидел с Рейганом в Рейкьявике и подписывал договоры о сокращении оружия, а еще через два года Рейган выступал в МГУ и пытался объяснить студентам, как работает настоящая демократия.

I think what is significant and different about our system is that every country has a constitution, and most constitutions or practically all of the constitutions in the world are documents in which the government tells the people what the people can do. Our Constitution is different, and the difference is in three words; it almost escapes everyone. The three words are, "We the people." Our Constitution is a document in which we the people tell the Government what its powers are. And it can have no powers other than those listed in that document.

Нотки Рейгана внезапно прозвучали в речи 82-летней Глории Стайнем на Марше женщин в Вашингтоне.

Во-первых, упоминалась Берлинская стена:

Just this march in Washington today required 1,000 more buses than the entire Inauguration. A thousand more buses. And I was just talking with people from our many sister marches, including the one in Berlin, and they asked me to send a special message: "We in Berlin know that walls don't work."

Во-вторых, "we the people".

This is an outpouring of energy and true democracy like I have never seen in my very long life. It is wide in age. It is deep in diversity. And remember the constitution does not begin with "I, the president." It begins with "We, the people."


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September 2017


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